Knowingly, there is one standard type of resume, and that’s what we always make and pass up for application. But more than what we know, there’s something much more.
There are actually several basic types of resumes you can use to apply for job openings. Applicants can either choose to write a chronological, functional, a combination of both, or a targeted resume. Each type of resume is then used for different purposes. Therefore, when deciding on which sort of resume to use, make sure you first know your objectives while thinking about your current circumstances.
Here’s everything you need to know about the different types of resume:
Chronological resumes are probably the simplest and most common type. It starts off by listing your work history, with the most recent position listed first. Below your most recent job, you can start recording all your other work positions in reverse chronological order. Most employers prefer this type of resume as it comes off easier to look through all the different jobs and experiences you have held and worked at.
The chronological resume works best for job seekers who have a strong and substantial work history. As for those only starting a career, might I suggest you work on a different kind of resume.
Meanwhile, a functional resume focuses on an applicant’s skills and experiences rather than on your chronological order of work history. Instead of listing your work history on top of the resume, on a functional resume, you may list down all your professional experiences or accomplishment in one section. This indicates various skills and experiences you have acquired and developed over the years.
This type of resume also sometimes may include a resume summary or headline at the top, which further details a job seeker’s skills and achievements. You may or may not include a concise list of your work history at the bottom of the resume.
Such resumes are used by applicants who opt to change careers or those who have gaps in their employment history. Either way, it’s still useful, especially for people who are only starting their careers and are new to the workforce. The purpose of highlighting your skills, experiences, and achievements can help emphasize that you are qualified for the job.
From the name itself, a combination resume is a mix of both chronological and functional resumes. Located at the top section of the resume are one’s skills and qualifications. Below this is one’s chronological work history. However, unlike chronological resumes, the work history is not as significant. In fact, it’s not the main focus of the resume, so it usually doesn’t take so much space.
It’s pretty much just like a functional resume, wherein you highlight all the relevant skills you have for the job you’re applying for, and enlist your work history below. After all, employers still want to get a glimpse of where you’ve worked at in the past and what your experiences are. This type of resume helps job seekers highlight what makes them the best fit for the position while still giving the employer all the details and information he wants.
Video resumes serve as tools you can use to help you land your dream job. It’s more than just transforming your paper resume into a video format. It serves as a medium for you to express your personality, create a great first impression, and put much emphasis on your talents and skills.
Remember how Elle Woods from the movie Legally Blonde got into Harvard because of her cover video resume? This is also your chance to land on that dream job!
In a video resume, it’s important that you keep it short and straightforward. For one, you can tell a story. Showcase something from your background that will impress the hiring team while also being brief. Video resumes must not be any shorter than 60 seconds and no longer than 90 seconds. Recite your video resume script out loud and clear. Also, try to be a bit more specific with all the details like why you think your skills or achievements make you the best fit for the job. Most importantly, add a call-to-action in the end as this can significantly impress your employer. One of the best CTAs can be asking them to visit your LinkedIn profile to learn more about your employment history and expertise.
Regardless of its purpose, remember to keep your resumes straightforward. Your employer wouldn’t want to waste time reading unnecessary details, so include only those relevant to the job you’re applying for. Most importantly, learn how to update your resume every once in a while, so you don’t have a hard time remembering all past experiences and work history by the time you need to make a new one.
Rosette Monell works as a human resource personnel in a firm in Asia. Aside from her job, she’s also a freelance writer who talks so passionately about public relations, different work ethics, and culture. On her free days, she likes to spend time alone with a good book about career building on one hand and a warm cup of tea on the other.